Announcement of the Federal Law Academy For 2016-2017 Academic YearDownload Full Announcement here.
In Mai Ja Yang, a small town in the mountainous ethnic Kachin State, near the China-Burma border, the Federal Law Academy (FLA) has been founded by the Legal Aid Network (LAN) in June, 2014. The following law professors who are members of the International Academic Board of LAN, in addition to its founder, contribute as members of the Academic Board of the FLA: 1. David Fisher, Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, Stockholm University, Sweden. 2. Dr. Suzannah Linton, Professor and Chair of International Law, Bangor University, UK. 3. Dr. Venkat Iyer, Law Commissioner and Barrister, Northern Ireland, UK. 4. Simon Young, Professor of Law and Barrister, Faculty of Law, the University of Hong Kong. 5. U Aung Htoo, Human Rights Lawyer and Founder of the Legal Aid Network. The FLA will provide a two-year course leading to a Diploma in Law. For the third batch, 60 students will be granted admission and an opening ceremony will be held on June 26, 2016, the day on which a courageous and undisputed student leader Salai Tin Maung Oo, who was a ῝Chin” national, was executed by the then ruling military regime, 40 years ago, by applying its judicial system, which has been totally subservient to the executive.
The various ethnic nationalities and their constituent units, which existed as independent entities in history, unitedly founded Burma, also known now as Myanmar, since its independence from the British in 1948. Since then, the country has been plagued by civil war given, inter alia, the lack of equal rights and self-determination of the ethnic nationalities, resulting in serious human rights violations to this day. In terms of population, the Myanmar nationality forms the majority whereas non-Myanmar ethnic nationalities constitute a minority. Between1948-1962, the development of the country took place in the lowland – mainly inhabited by the Myanmar nationality – leaving behind the mountainous areas where non-Myanmar ethnic nationalities have been residing for hundreds of years. Such uneven development happened under the rule of the democratic regimes, which were mainly overwhelmed by the Myanmar leaders, under the 1947 Constitution. The non-Myanmar ethnic leaders deduced from these experiences that, due to lack of sufficient knowledge of the constitution and other laws, they were hoodwinked by the Myanmar leaders. Before and after the independence of Burma, the main university, where law subjects could be studied, was located only in the capital of the country, Rangoon (currently, known as Yangon), to which the non-Myanmar ethnic youths had only rare access; as such, legal education was primarily enjoyed by the Myanmar youths. In the aftermath of the military coup of 1962, all people in Burma have suffered a lot. However, when the Myanmar nationality is contrasted with the non-Myanmar ethnic nationalities, the situation of the latter has been much worse than the former over the past five decades. Even under the current so-called democratic transition which commenced in 2011, a form of legal education – which would facilitate resolving underlying issues on civil war, advancing human rights and the Rule of Law, and leading to development of all ethnic nationalities – has remained unaddressed. At present, there exists no qualified law school in ethnic states. In terms of geography, which is linked to the rights of the ethnic nationalities, the dealings of the international legal and human rights community have been uneven given that almost all of their major activities which seek to create an educational environment are currently conducted in the lowland – mainly in big cities such as Yangon, Mandalay, Nay Pyi Daw, etc. – whilst marginalizing the mountainous areas where uneducated non-Myanmar ethnic nationalities reside. Founding the Federal Law Academy is a modest attempt to address this gap.
To nurture and advance the ethnic youths so that they become legal practitioners who will implement the following objectives: (1) Laying down the Rule of Law foundation for the emergence of an independent, just, developed, and peaceful Federal Union with the underpinning of human rights; (2) Participating in the process of drafting, making, and enforcing the Federal Constitution, organic laws and other laws, which will reflect the will of the various ethnic nationalities; and (3) Facilitating the transformation of the national legal framework on the basis of international law, human rights laws, humanitarian law, and equal rights and self-determination of all ethnic nationalities in order that benefits of the constituent units of the Federal Union as well as of people who have been residing in each respective unit are protected.
The following subjects, inter alia, will be covered: 1. The Rule of Law and Jurisprudence 2. International Human rights Law 3. International Law 4. Introduction to International Criminal Law 5. International Humanitarian law 6. The International Criminal Court 7. The United Nations, its Treaty Bodies and the UPR 8. Constitutional Law 9. Independence of Judiciary 10. Procedural Justice and Fair Trial 11. Legal Analysis and Applied Law 12. Law of Constituent Units 13. Land Law 14. Labor Law 15. Federalism 16. Civil Society 17. Election Law 18. Customary Law 19. Environmental Law and Foreign Investment Law Foreign Investment Law 20. Criminal Law (a)Penal Code (b)Code of Criminal Procedure (c)Special Criminal Laws 21. Civil Law (a)Civil Procedure (b)Contract Law (c)Tort 22. Evidence Act
Certificates of Diploma in Law – signed by Dr. David Fisher, Prof. of International Law, Faculty of Law, Stockholm University, Sweden, Dr. Venkat Iyer, Constitutional Law and Media Law Expert from the United Kingdom, and Mr. Aung Htoo, the Principal of the FLA – will be conferred on the candidates, who have already achieved required qualification after completion of two years course.
1. Minimum Qualification: Passed the high school final examination Copy of the original certificate shall be submitted. 2. Having Ethnic Nationality (Non-Myanmar or Myanmar) 3. Gender – male or female 4. Age – under 35 5. Medical check: A medical certificate issued by the township surgeon shall be submitted. 6. Residence: Priority will be provided to the applicants who are currently living within the territory of the ethnic states. 7. Maintenance Fee; The following maintenance fee is to be covered by each student (in Chinese Currency): Uniform ------------ 300 Stationary --------- 200 Food ------------- 3,000 -------------- 3,500 RMB in total per year All or a part of it – 2,000 RMB – shall be deposited at the FLA any time before the opening day of the law school. It will not be refunded. If highly qualified students who originate from and still live with IDP families cannot afford to pay the maintenance fees, they may apply for a grant from the FLA Administration Committee after they have been selected.
Operation of the Academy 1. Lecturers, senior tutors, tutors and visiting legal academicians: Under the guidance of the Academic Board mentioned above, the lecturers, senior tutors and tutors– the sole purveyors of legal education per se - will teach courses. In addition, some experienced lawyers and academics will also be invited to be guest speakers. Lawyers working with the Legal Aid Network will be tutors. 2. Curriculum: The FLA will have its own mandatory curriculum which will be conducive to dealing with the negative aspects of globalization, whilst fostering its positive aspects, and attending to the changing political landscape of Burma/Myanmar with the underpinning of the Rule of Law. 3. Theory and Practice: Apart from a participatory method to foster students’ critical thinking, the FLA will design teaching techniques to enable students to find creative legal solutions to societal issues, while heeding the promotion and protection of human rights. A combination of theory and practice will be at the core of our teaching. 4. Admission of students: Although the Myanmar nationality is not excluded from our law school, the students who belong to non-Myanmar ethnic nationalities will constitute the great majority. 5. Gender Sensitivity: In order to promote the role of women in current and future society, at least one-third of a total number of students should be females. 6. English Language Skills: Priority will be given to applicants who are relatively skillful in English. Entrance examinations – written, oral or both - will be held. 7. Classrooms: (A) and (B) - Two large classrooms exist on the ground floor of the three-storey main building. 8. Main Hall: To the right of the classrooms is the main hall where public meetings and gatherings can be held. 9. Reading rooms: Quiet reading rooms and computer rooms can be found on the first floor of the main building. 10. Students will stay in the three-storey dormitory, which is separately located at the left side of the law school courtyard. 11. Dining hall: Next to the dormitory is the dining hall, which is attached with a special room wherein distinguished guests can be hosted. 12. Meals: Students will enjoy meals, prepared by local chefs, in the dining hall. 13. Student Lounge: Behind the law school, there is another courtyard in which the Student Lounge and the Stadium can be found. 14. Basketball Court: Located in front of the dormitory. 15. Health: The FLA will take responsibility for basic health care. Semester: Two semesters per year First semester – June 26 to November 30, 2016 Second Semester – January 5 to May 19, 2017 Transportation: Enrolled students are responsible for reaching the FLA in time. However, contact persons of the FLA will facilitate their trips. Students will be accepted commencing June 15, ten days before the opening ceremony. Application Deadline: Admission process will take time. As such, for those who are interested in the FLA, earlier submission of applications is recommended. Application deadline is May 30, 2016. However, if required number of qualified applicants has been scrutinized and selected before that deadline, admission process will be stopped. The application shall be submitted either by sending it to the e-mail address of LAN (email@example.com) or to the physical address of the contact persons of FLA. Contact Persons (1) Ms. Elizabeth Hkawngbu Tel:(86) 180 0882 7371 E.mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (2) Nang Myint Myint Aye: Tel:(86): 1838 7511 669 E.mail: email@example.com (3) Sarakaba Naw Htoi Tel:(86)15388823406 E.mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (4) Mr. Zoke Htun: Tel:(86) 184 0698 4863 E.mail: email@example.com Please download Student Application Form in Word here. Please download Student Application Form in PDF here.